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Environmental Management

Karara recognises the value, qualities and biodiversity present within the Mid West region in which we operate.

Through stringent environmental practices and a keen understanding of the local and regional landscape in which we operate, Karara aims to be a leader in the Mid West through industry best practice. 

Environmental Benefits of Magnetite

Key environmental advantages of magnetite concentrate are its purity and chemical composition, which lead to less energy consumption and lower carbon emissions in steel production.  Magnetite concentrate is exothermic, meaning it releases heat during processing and therefore requires less energy in the processing phase.  An independent report has quantified the net environmental benefit of using magnetite rather than Direct Shipping Ore (“DSO”) - for steel production.  Over the full steel production cycle (i.e., from in-ground ore body to finished steel), each tonne of magnetite concentrate used saves about 108 kilograms of carbon dioxide emissions when compared to using DSO hematite fines.

Environmental Programs

Karara identifies that innovation is a successful pathway towards environmental best practice.  In doing so, Karara has identified a range of environmental programs to enhance the local environment and provide innovative measures to meet statutory obligations.

Malleefowl Protection Program

Karara has engaged in a multifaceted project to improve the understanding of the Malleefowl within the Mid West region.  Works include the release of two birds in December 2011, motion sensor cameras established at active Malleefowl mounds, training and awareness, site mound monitoring and intensive surveys undertaken by the Malleefowl Preservation Group on Badja station.  The successes of this Malleefowl protection program resulted in Karara being nominated for a Golden Gecko awards in 2012 where it was received favourably by industry and environmental peers alike. 

Rehabilitation and Restoration of Threatened Species

Karara, in consultation with the Department of Parks and Wildlife (DPaW), has undertaken considerable works to ensure the ongoing recovery of the threatened species, Acacia Woodmaniorum.   Karara is currently developing a Translocation Plan with DPaW to use these plants for the purpose of rehabilitation on project exploration and mining footprints.  Along with developing a Translocation Plan for the species, environmental staff at Karara have collected over 3,000 cuttings of the species, as well as over 150 specimens.


Karara has applied innovation through the construction of an aquaponics system onsite.  Aquaponics is the process of utilising garden beds to treat nutrient laden water from fish ponds.

So far, Karara has produced a multitude of vegetables, as well as native seedlings to be used for the purpose of rehabilitation. 



In October 2012, Karara commissioned a waste oil reuse facility within the landfill precinct onsite.  The system converts waste vegetable oil to biodiesel that Karara uses as fuel for vehicles and generators onsite.  The recycling of the waste oil provides both financial and environmental benefits, by reducing transport costs of waste oil offsite, reducing the volume of diesel transported onto site and reduced diesel usage.  Four vehicles and a generator are now running on biodiesel from recycled waste kitchen oils with plans to expand in the future by implementing a regional waste oil collection and recycling service. 

Waste Management

Karara has minimised the overall waste from the project as far as reasonably practical.  Through positive consultation with its contractors, Karara has been able to efficiently separate its putrescible and non-putrescible wastes, minimising landfill and producing compost for the purpose of rehabilitation.  In addition, Karara continues to collect scrap material for the purpose of recycling, with the proceeds collected going towards the Karara Community Health Fund. 

Feral Fauna Control

Controlling feral fauna onsite protects native flora, fauna, habitats and food sources.  All site personnel have a responsibility to report fauna sightings, including ferals, as a targeted trapping program is conducted all year round.  Motion sensor cameras have also been established at trapping sites to learn more about what species are attracted to the food lures and how species are learning to manipulate the traps.  A training program has been rolled out to site personnel to increase awareness and management of ferals at or near site.


Annual Environmental Compliance Report

The Annual Environmental Compliance Report to address compliance against the Karara Iron Ore Project Federal Environmental Approvals under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 has been prepared and submitted to the Department of the Environment. The report can be downloaded from the link below.

 2016 Annual Environmental Compliance Report (14.1 Mb)